Home     Getting Started     To Survive in the Universe    
Inhabited Sky
    News@Sky     Astro Photo     The Collection     Forum     Blog New!     FAQ     Press     Login  

ζ Boo (Zeta Boötis )



Upload your image

DSS Images   Other Images

Related articles

The epoch of the constellations on the Farnese Atlas and their origin in Hipparchus's lost catalogue
Not Available

Binary Star Speckle Interferometry: Measurements and Orbits
Results of our second observational run of binary star interferometricmeasurements with an ICCD speckle camera attached to the 1.52 mtelescope of the Observatorio Astronómico Nacional at Calar Alto(Almería, Spain) in 2000 June-July are presented. The measuredangular separations range from 0.096" to 6.558". With the use of the newspeckle data, the orbits of the visual binaries WDS 14369+4813 and WDS21597+4908 are improved.

Practical Considerations in Restoring Images from Phase-Diverse Speckle Data
We discuss practical problems and solutions associated with the``phase-diverse'' speckle (PDS) imaging technique for reconstruction ofhigh-resolution images from ground-based telescope data. The PDS methoduses an ensemble of short-exposure images obtained simultaneously frommultiple cameras to jointly estimate the object and the sequence ofinstantaneous phase distortions observed by each camera. Different knownstatic phase aberrations are imposed on each optical channel; the knownaberrations then function as constraints in the estimation problem. Inthis paper, we extend a previously derived model and present new datacalibration techniques to compensate for various undesirable effectspresent in real-world PDS data. These effects include relative tip-tiltand image magnification changes between the diversity channels. Theextended model and its associated (modified) objective functions lead toa new nonlinear optimization problem. Solution methods, software, andresults using real telescope data are discussed.

Kinematics of Hipparcos Visual Binaries. II. Stars with Ground-Based Orbital Solutions
This paper continues kinematical investigations of the Hipparcos visualbinaries with known orbits. A sample, consisting of 804 binary systemswith orbital elements determined from ground-based observations, isselected. The mean relative error of their parallaxes is about 12% andthe mean relative error of proper motions is about 4%. However, even 41%of the sample stars lack radial velocity measurements. The computedGalactic velocity components and other kinematical parameters are usedto divide the stars with known radial velocities into kinematical agegroups. The majority (92%) of binaries from the sample are thin diskstars, 7.6% have thick disk kinematics and only two binaries have halokinematics. Among them, the long-period variable Mira Ceti has a verydiscordant {Hipparcos} and ground-based parallax values. From the wholesample, 60 stars are ascribed to the thick disk and halo population.There is an urgent need to increase the number of the identified halobinaries with known orbits and substantially improve the situation withradial velocity data for stars with known orbits.

Speckle Interferometry at the US Naval Observatory. VIII.
The results of 2044 speckle interferometric observations of doublestars, made with the 26 inch (66 cm) refractor of the US NavalObservatory, are presented. Each speckle interferometric observation ofa system represents a combination of over a thousand short-exposureimages. These observations are averaged into 1399 mean positions andrange in separation from 0.16" to 14.97", with a mean separation of2.51". This is the eighth in a series of papers presenting measuresobtained with this system and covers the period 2001 March 18 through2001 December 30.

Diffraction-limited CCD imaging with faint reference stars
By selecting short exposure images taken using a CCD with negligiblereadout noise we obtained essentially diffraction-limited 810 nm imagesof faint objects using nearby reference stars brighter than I=16 at a2.56 m telescope. The FWHM of the isoplanatic patch for the technique isfound to be 50 arcseconds, providing ~ 20% sky coverage around suitablereference stars.

Speckle Interferometry of New and Problem Hipparcos Binaries. II. Observations Obtained in 1998-1999 from McDonald Observatory
The Hipparcos satellite made measurements of over 9734 known doublestars, 3406 new double stars, and 11,687 unresolved but possible doublestars. The high angular resolution afforded by speckle interferometrymakes it an efficient means to confirm these systems from the ground,which were first discovered from space. Because of its coverage of adifferent region of angular separation-magnitude difference(ρ-Δm) space, speckle interferometry also holds promise toascertain the duplicity of the unresolved Hipparcos ``problem'' stars.Presented are observations of 116 new Hipparcos double stars and 469Hipparcos ``problem stars,'' as well as 238 measures of other doublestars and 246 other high-quality nondetections. Included in these areobservations of double stars listed in the Tycho-2 Catalogue andpossible grid stars for the Space Interferometry Mission.

Diffraction-limited 800 nm imaging with the 2.56 m Nordic Optical Telescope
A quantitative assessment is presented of diffraction-limited stellarimages with Strehl ratios of 0.25-0.30 obtained by selection ofshort-exposure CCD images of stars brighter than +6 m at 810 nm with theNordic Optical Telescope.

Catalogue of Apparent Diameters and Absolute Radii of Stars (CADARS) - Third edition - Comments and statistics
The Catalogue, available at the Centre de Données Stellaires deStrasbourg, consists of 13 573 records concerning the results obtainedfrom different methods for 7778 stars, reported in the literature. Thefollowing data are listed for each star: identifications, apparentmagnitude, spectral type, apparent diameter in arcsec, absolute radiusin solar units, method of determination, reference, remarks. Commentsand statistics obtained from CADARS are given. The Catalogue isavailable in electronic form at the CDS via anonymous ftp tocdsarc.u-strasbg.fr ( or viahttp://cdsweb.u-strasbg.fr/cgi-bin/qcar?J/A+A/367/521

Research Note Hipparcos photometry: The least variable stars
The data known as the Hipparcos Photometry obtained with the Hipparcossatellite have been investigated to find those stars which are leastvariable. Such stars are excellent candidates to serve as standards forphotometric systems. Their spectral types suggest in which parts of theHR diagrams stars are most constant. In some cases these values stronglyindicate that previous ground based studies claiming photometricvariability are incorrect or that the level of stellar activity haschanged. Table 2 is only available in electronic form at the CDS viaanonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr ( or viahttp://cdsweb.u-strasbg.fr/cgi-bin/qcat?J/A+A/367/297

Dating Ptolemy's star catalogue through proper motions : the Hipparchan epoch.
Not Available

Binary Star Differential Photometry Using the Adaptive Optics System at Mount Wilson Observatory
We present photometric and astrometric results for 36 binary systemsobserved with the natural guide star adaptive optics system of the MountWilson Institute on the 100 inch (2.5 m) Hooker Telescope. Themeasurements consist of differential photometry in U, B, V, R, and Ifilters along with astrometry of the relative positions of systemcomponents. Magnitude differences were combined with absolute photometryfound in the literature of the combined light for systems to obtainapparent magnitudes for the individual components at standardbandpasses, which in turn led to color determinations and spectraltypes. The combination of these results with Hipparcos parallaxmeasurements yielded absolute magnitudes and allowed us to plot thecomponents on an H-R diagram. To further examine the reliability andself-consistency of these data, we also estimated system masses from thespectral types. Based on observations made at Mount Wilson Observatory,operated by the Mount Wilson Institute under an agreement with theCarnegie Institution of Washington.

Two-colour photometry for 9473 components of close Hipparcos double and multiple stars
Using observations obtained with the Tycho instrument of the ESAHipparcos satellite, a two-colour photometry is produced for componentsof more than 7 000 Hipparcos double and multiple stars with angularseparations 0.1 to 2.5 arcsec. We publish 9473 components of 5173systems with separations above 0.3 arcsec. The majority of them did nothave Tycho photometry in the Hipparcos catalogue. The magnitudes arederived in the Tycho B_T and V_T passbands, similar to the Johnsonpassbands. Photometrically resolved components of the binaries withstatistically significant trigonometric parallaxes can be put on an HRdiagram, the majority of them for the first time. Based on observationsmade with the ESA Hipparcos satellite.

Speckle Interferometry at the US Naval Observatory. II.
Position angles and separations resulting from 2406 speckleinterferometric observations of 547 binary stars are tabulated. This isthe second in a series of papers presenting measures obtained using the66 cm refractor at the US Naval Observatory in Washington, DC, with anintensified CCD detector. Program stars range in separation from 0.2" to3.8", with Deltam<=2.5 mag and a limiting magnitude of V=10.0. Theobservation epochs run from 1993 January through 1995 August. Randomerrors are estimated to be 14 mas in separation and 0.52d/rho inposition angle, where rho is the separation in arcseconds. Theinstrumentation and calibration are briefly described. Aspects of thedata analysis related to the avoidance of systematic errors are alsodiscussed.

Correlation of the HIPPARCOS and Allegheny Observatory Parallax Catalogs
No significant difference is found between the systems of the Hipparcosand Allegheny Observatory MAP parallax catalogs. The correlation of theparallaxes of 63 stars common to both programs is 0.9995 +/- 0.0001,with an average standard deviation of the difference of 0.0023". Whilethere is no indication of systematic difference in the two programs, ourstudy suggests that the formal errors in one or both catalogs aresomewhat underestimated.

Speckle Interferometry at the US Naval Observatory. I.
We present speckle interferometer measurements of 467 binary stars takenat the US Naval Observatory in Washington, DC, using the 66 cmrefractor, from 1990 October through 1992 December. The observingprogram is designed to provide high-quality observations of binaries inthe 0."3--3."5 range of separations and as faint as 10.0 mag. More than8000 measurements have been made to date, of which we report the resultsfor 2329. Not only is it our intent to provide accurate data forinteresting binary stars, but also, by careful calibration, to firmlyrelate the "classical" astrometry of binary stars to that being obtainedtoday by speckle and that which will soon be obtained by other moderntechniques such as long-baseline optical interferometry.

A Determination of the Coronal Emission Measure Distribution in the Young Solar Analog EK Draconis from ASCA/EUVE Spectra
We present the results of a coronal differential emission measure (DEM)analysis of the nearby analog of the young Sun, EK Draconis, using dataobtained with the ASCA and EUVE satellites. Various methods (including aCLEAN algorithm, a polynomial fit, a direct inversion method, a geneticalgorithm, and a multitemperature fit) have been applied to reconstructthe DEM between 0.1 and 100 MK. The spectra from the four ASCA detectorsand the two spectra from the short-wavelength and the medium-wavelengthdetectors of EUVE were subject jointly to the algorithms, taking intoaccount both emission lines and continua. All methods converge to a DEMdistribution that is essentially bimodal: we find two significant peaksnear 7 MK and near 18 MK with a deep minimum around 10 MK. Little plasmais found at temperatures below 3--4 MK, despite EUVE's sensitivity tothis temperature regime. We argue that the DEM distribution seen in EKDra is induced by the properties of the radiative cooling function of athermal, optically thin plasma. From an elemental abundance analysis, anFe abundance of 0.83 times the corresponding solar photosphericabundance is found, and an abundance of Mg of 1.69 times the solarphotospheric abundance, which may indicate for this specific element afirst ionization potential effect similar to that found in the solarcorona.

ICCD Speckle Observations of Binary Stars. XVII. Measurements During 1993-1995 From the Mount Wilson 2.5-M Telescope.
Abstract image available at:http://adsabs.harvard.edu/cgi-bin/nph-bib_query?1997AJ....114.1639H&db_key=AST

ICCD Speckle Observations of Binary Stars. XVI. Measurements During 1982-1989 from the Perkins 1.8-M Telescope.
Abstract image available at:http://adsabs.harvard.edu/cgi-bin/nph-bib_query?1997AJ....114.1623F&db_key=AST

The Age-related Properties of the HD 98800 System
Abstract image available at:http://adsabs.harvard.edu/cgi-bin/nph-bib_query?1996ApJ...460..984S&db_key=AST

ICCD Speckle Observations of Binary Stars. XII. Measurements During 1984-1986 From the Perkins 1.8 M Telescope
Abstract image available at:http://adsabs.harvard.edu/cgi-bin/nph-bib_query?1996AJ....111..393A&db_key=AST

The Odessa sky patrol plate collection.
Not Available

Multichannel astrometric photometer parallax studies in the regions of Groombridge 1618, Zeta Bootis, and Sigma Draconis
Improved trigonometric parallaxes are reported for stars in the regionsof Groombridge 1618, Zeta Bootis, and Sigma Draconis which differ fromgenerally accepted parallaxes by two to five standard deviations. Theweighted mean parallax of Groombridge 1618 becomes 0.2079 +/- 0.0013arcsec, indicating a distance modulus of -1.59 +/- 0.014 and yielding anabsolute magnitude of this K7 V star of 8.20 +/- 0.017. The parallaxdetermined for the visual binary Zeta Bootis is 0.0202 +/- 0.0010 arcsecand implies an average absolute visual magnitude of 1.067 +/- 0.12 forthe spectroscopically similar components. The weighted mean parallax ofSigma Draconis becomes 0.1747 +/- 0.0010 arcsec, indicating a distancemodulus of -1.210 +/- 0.012 and yielding an absolute visual magnitude of5.90 +/- 0.012 for this K0 V star. The absolute visual magnitudes of thehigh velocity star Roman 336 and of the subdwarf star AO 1187 are foundto be + 4.0 +/- 0.13 and + 5.9 +/- 0.17, respectively.

Micrometer measurements of visual double stars made at the Spanish observatories at Calar Alto and Fabra
The study presents 184-micrometer measurements of 100 double starsobserved with the 152-cm telescope at Calar Alto (Almeria, Spain) andthe 38-cm refractor at Fabra Observatory (Barcelona, Spain). The epoch,observed position angle, angular distance between components, number ofnights on which the star was observed, and an indication of the observerare given. Orbits were calculated for almost all the observed stars.

Corrections to the right ascension to be applied to the apparent places of 1217 stars given in "The Chinese Astronomical Almanach" for the year 1984 to 1992.
Not Available

Absolute quadrant determinations from speckle observations of binary stars
Vector-autocorrelation techniques are highly suited to extractingastrometric information from very large volumes of speckle data in nearreal time, but they inherently introduce a 180-deg ambiguity in theposition-angle measurement. This can be a problem in determining theorbital motions in binaries, so an algorithm is presented whichmaintains most of the simplicity of vector autocorrelation whileremoving the quadrant ambiguity. Results are provided fromabsolute-quadrant determinations for 66 binary star systems firstresolved by the long-term GSU/CHARA speckle program. The algorithm isused to eliminate the period ambiguity in the orbit of the close visualbinary ADS 9744.

Photometry of astrometric reference stars
UBVRI, DDO, and uvby, H-beta photometry of astrometric reference starsis presented. Spectral types and luminosity classifications made fromthe colors are used to determine their spectroscopic parallaxes. In thispaper, colors for 309 stars in 25 regions are given, and classificationsfor 210 stars have been made. These stars form reference frames in theAllegheny Observatory Multichannel Astrometric Photometer astrometricprogram, and in the Praesepe cluster reduced by Russell (1976). It isfound that the present photometric spectral types are reliable to within2.5 spectral subclasses.

Observations of double stars and new pairs. XIV
Results of a continuing survey of visual double stars are presented,including 4880 measurements made from February 1987 to November 1989.The positions in WDS format and Durchmusterung numbers are given for 194pairs first reported here. Micrometer measurements of 1142 doubles madewith the Swarthmore 61 cm refractor are presented. Magnitudes areestimated for some of the objects. Plate measurements, plateorientations, position angles, number of nights, and measured exposuresare given. Visual observations of 342 pairs obtained in May 1989 atCerro Tololo, mostly with the 1.0 m reflector, are reported.

Micrometer observations of double stars from the Fabra Observatory
The 38-cm refractor at the Fabra Observatory in Spain was used to obtain150 micrometer observations of 61 double stars. In tabular form, eachstar is listed by its WDS number, the letters of its components (ifmultiple), its ADS number, the observation epoch, the observed positionsangle, and the angular distance between the components. For the multipleobservations, in no case did the averaged measurements differ by morethan 3 deg for positions or 0.10 arcsec for angular separations.

The evolution of chromospheric activity of cool giant and subgiant stars
IUE spectra for a large sample of cool subgiant stars are examined, andevidence is found that subgiants in the mass range 1.2-1.6 solar massesundergo a sudden decline in UV transition region emission near B - V =0.6, which corresponds to spectral type G0 IV. The decline in UVemission coincides with a sharp decrease in stellar rotation rates, andit is suggested that this decay in activity and rotation marks atransformation from acoustic heating in the early F stars to magneticdynamo-driven activity in the cooler stars, resulting in a strongrotational braking action by stellar wind. For more massive giant stars,there is a similar transformation in the nature of chromosphericactivity near B - V = 0.7, or spectral type G0 III, from acousticheating in the F-type giants to a solarlike dynamo mechanism in thecooler giants. No sign of an abrupt drop in activity near spectral typeG5 III at the location of Gray's proposed rotational boundary line isseen.

Submit a new article

Related links

  • - No Links Found -
Submit a new link

Member of following groups:

Observation and Astrometry data

Right ascension:14h41m08.90s
Apparent magnitude:4.43

Catalogs and designations:
Proper NamesZeta Boötis
Bayerζ Boo
Flamsteed30 Boo
HD 1989HD 129247
BSC 1991HR 5478

→ Request more catalogs and designations from VizieR